Understanding Prostate Changes: A Health Guide for Men
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Prostate disease Share show more. Listen show more. More show more. Tags: Reproductive system - male Reproductive system - male - Prostate and urethra. If you are a man in your 50s or 60s, discuss having your prostate gland checked with your doctor. If you have a family history of prostate disease or you have particular concerns , talk to your doctor about a prostate check sooner. The prostate gland the prostate is an organ of the male reproductive system. It is about the size of a walnut and is found at the base of the bladder.
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The thin tube that allows urine and semen to pass out of the penis the urethra runs through the prostate gland. Alkaline fluid produced by the prostate gland helps to nourish sperm and leaves the urethra as ejaculate semen. The prostate undergoes two main growth spurts. The first is fuelled by the sex hormones made by the testes during puberty. This prompts the prostate to reach an average weight of 20 grams. The second growth spurt begins when men are in their thirties. Prostate disease and ageing Around 25 per cent of men aged 55 years and over have a prostate condition.
Types of prostate disease The three most common forms of prostate disease are inflammation prostatitis , non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH and prostate cancer. A man may experience one or more of these conditions. Inflammation of the prostate prostatitis While prostatitis can affect men of any age, it is more common in younger men, aged between 30 and 50 years. The main types of prostatitis are: bacterial prostatitis — acute or chronic bacterial infection non-bacterial prostatitis — inflamed prostate, also known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome CPPS.
Possible causes of CPPS include: a past bacterial prostatitis infection irritation from some chemicals a problem with the nerves connecting the lower urinary tract problems with pelvic floor muscles sexual abuse chronic anxiety problems. Non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate BPH Non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate, or benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH , is more common as men get older. Symptoms of prostate disease In its earliest stages, prostate disease may or may not be associated with symptoms.
The symptoms of prostate disease depend on the condition, but may include: difficulties urinating, such as trouble starting the flow of urine the urge to urinate often, particularly at night feeling as though the bladder can't be fully emptied painful urination blood in the urine or blood coming from the urethra independent of urination. Diagnosis of prostate disease Prostate disease is diagnosed using a variety of tests, including: physical examination, including digital rectal examination DRE , where the doctor inserts a gloved finger into your rectum to check the size of your prostate blood test for prostate specific antigen PSA test; discuss this with your doctor mid-stream urine MSU tests to look for infection or blood in the urine ultrasound scans and urinary flow studies biopsies of the prostate.
Treatment for prostate disease Treatment for prostatitis may include antibacterial drugs and supportive treatments, depending on the type of prostatitis. References Prostate problems , , Healthymale Andrology Australia. Nonbacterial prostatitis , , Medscape Reference. Prostatitis , , Prostate Cancer UK. Prostatitis -— nonbacterial , , MedlinePlus. Send us your feedback.
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